Vittorini, Elio

(1908–1966)
   Born in 1908 in Syracuse (Sicily), Vittorini was one of the most influential editors and writers of postwar Italy. His first steps into the literary world came during the late 1920s, when he began to collaborate with Solaria, the Florentine literary periodical edited by Eugenio Montale. In 1933, Solaria began publishing his first novel, Il garofano rosso (The Red Carnation), in installments, but the censor, disliking this study of a youth whose adolescent rebelliousness finds an outlet in the violence and camaraderie of the Fascist movement, suspended publication. In the late 1930s, Vittorini translated American realists, such as John Steinbeck and Ernest Hemingway. Their influence can be seen in his two most important novels, Conversazione in Sicilia (Conversations in Sicily, 1942) and Uomini e no (Men and Others, 1945), which was based on his experiences as a wartime partisan in Milan.
   In 1945, Vittorini became a member of the Partito Comunista Italiano/Italian Communist Party (PCI) and founded Il Politecnico, the theoretical journal of the neorealist movement in the arts. The review closed in 1947 after Vittorini clashed with Palmiro Togliatti, the secretary of the PCI, who accused Vittorini of privileging literary culture over political commitment. Vittorini replied that the PCI should not expect writers to merely “blow the revolution’s flute.” To preserve his independence, Vittorini left the PCI in 1951. In 1950, he became an editor for the Turin publisher, Einaudi, responsible for discovering and nurturing new writers of talent. Vittorini’s political and literary preferences were not always helpful in this role. In 1957, he rejected Giuseppe Tomasi Di Lampedusa’s remarkable novel Il Gattopardo (The Leopard), on the grounds that it was reactionary in sentiment and over-literary in language and style. After the mid-1950s, Vittorini published no more novels. He was joint editor, however, with Italo Calvino, of the avant-garde journal Menabo from 1960 onward. He died in Milan in 1966.
   See also Literature.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vittorini, Elio — born July 23, 1908, Syracuse, Sicily, Italy died Feb. 13, 1966, Milan Italian novelist, translator, and critic. He left school at age 17 and later learned English while working as a proofreader. He became, with Cesare Pavese, a pioneer in… …   Universalium

  • Vittorini, Elio — ► (1908 66) Novelista italiano. Obras: Pequeña burguesía (1931) y Las mujeres de Messina (1949), entre otras. * * * (23 jul. 1908, Siracusa, Sicilia, Italia–13 feb. 1966, Milán). Novelista, traductor y crítico italiano. Dejó la escuela al los 17… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vittorini, Elio — (Siracusa 1908 Milano 1966) scrittore e traduttore ; fondatore de “Il Politecnico”, fondatore e direttore con Italo Calvino de “Il Menabò”. collab./opere: “Solaria”, “L’Italia letteraria”, “Il Bargello”, “Campo di Marte”, “Letteratura”, “Pegaso” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Vittorini — Vittorini, Elio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vittorini — Elio Vittorini (* 23. Juli 1908 in Syrakus; † 12. Februar 1966 in Mailand) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller, Publizist und Übersetzer, einer der wichtigsten Vertreter des literarischen Neorealismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elio Vittorini — est un romancier italien, né le 23 juillet 1908 à Syracuse (Sicile), mort le 12 février 1966 à Milan. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Bibliographie 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elio Vittorini — (* 23. Juli 1908 in Syrakus; † 12. Februar 1966 in Mailand) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller, Publizist und Übersetzer, einer der wichtigsten Vertreter des literarischen Neorealismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elio Vittorini — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Elio Vittorini (23 de julio de 1908, Siracusa, Sicilia 13 de febrero de 1966, Milán), novelista, traductor y crítico italiano. Biografía Hijo de un ferroviario, Sebastiano Vittorini, y de Lucia Sgandurra, Elio… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elio Vittorini — (July 23, 1908 February 12, 1966) was an Italian writer and novelist. He was a contemporary of Cesare Pavese and an influential voice in the modernist school of novel writing. His best known work is the anti fascist novel Conversations in Sicily …   Wikipedia

  • VITTORINI (E.) — Vittorini publia ses premiers récits dans la page littéraire des journaux en 1927, deux ans après la promulgation des lois fascistes sur la presse. En 1941 1942, à quelques mois d’intervalle, la censure arrêta son anthologie intitulée Americana …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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